Jordan Reger
the swedish language is a north germanic language. because it's a germanic language, a lot of words are similar to their german, dutch, and english counterparts.

a lot of the following information is inspired by Aaron Rubin's course from 1996. this page is here solely for my use, and is not a reproduction, as these are simply my notes. read the content notice.

alphabet and pronunciation
below is a select few consonants and some notes about them.
  • c — pronounced as s before e, i, and y. otherwise pronounced as k.
  • g — pronounced as y before e, i, y, ä, and ö. otherwise pronounced as g.
  • j — always pronounced as y.
  • k — pronounced as sh before e, i, y, ä, and ö. ootherwise pronounced as k.
  • q, w, and z very rarely show up but are pronounced k, v, and s respectively.
below is each vowel and their corresponding sounds.
  • a — "father"
  • å — "home"
  • e — "set"
  • ä — "plain"
  • i — "feed"
  • ö — "peu" (french)
  • o — "food"
  • y — "début" (french)
  • u — "eyu"
special pronunciations
below is a few special pronunciations that show up.
  • dj, gj, hj, lj — pronounced like j.
  • sch, sj, skj, stj — pronounced like k, but before any vowel.
  • sk — also pronounced like k, but only before e, i, y, ä, and ö.
  • tj, kj — almost the same as above.
  • ch — almost the same as tj/kj before e, i, y, ä, and ö
indefinite articles
there are two indefinite articles, en and ett. almost every word is an en word. en and ett are equivalent to "a" in english.
  • en dator — a computer
  • en hemsida — a website
  • ett skrivbord — a desk (literally: writing table)
definite articles
the definite article is suffixed to the noun. en words take the suffix -en and ett words take the suffix -et. if the noun ends in a vowel, it only takes -n or -t.
  • datorn — the computer (this one is special)
  • hemsidan — the website
  • skrivbordet — the desk

to be continued...

content notice: this content doesn't belong to me, and is not covered under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.